How to Tune the Guitar

Guitar Tuning - Part #1 - Methods

- By Brett Alan

Rule 1: Don’t get frustrated! If we were all born with perfect pitch, you never would have heard of guys like Mozart and Jimi Hendrix. It takes a little time and patience as with most things.


Electronic Tuners - An electronic tuner tells you, visually, if a certain string is in tune or not. You can purchase one at your local music store fairly cheap, $20 and up.

Guitar Pitch Pipe - A harmonica/flute type instrument that produces the pitch of all six open guitar strings.

Tuning Fork - Strange looking metal fork thing that when struck, resonates and produces a frequency, an A -440 Hz for example.

Unison Tuning or (Tuning by Ear) - Start by tuning the low E or (6th) string to a pitch pipe, tuner, piano, etc., or just assume it is correct or “close enough for rock and roll.” Then tune the open (not fretted) 5th string (A) to the fifth fret on the 6th (E) string. The two notes should sound identical if tuned correctly. The note will be an (A). Then tune all the other strings as shown below. When finished, play an open G chord picking each string checking for an out of tune string.

GUITAR TAB e|---------------------------------------------0----------|1 High B|-----------------------------------0-------5------------|2 G|-------------------------0-------4----------------------|3 D|---------------0-------5--------------------------------|4 A|-----0-------5------------------------------------------|5 E|--5-----------------------------------------------------|6 Low (thickest) (A) (D) (G) (B) (E)

Extra » - Individual notes or pitches are called frequencies. The frequencies that we deal with in music are called either Hertz (hundreds) or Kilohertz (thousands). They can be simply thought of as vibrations per second. Think of a guitar string when struck, it vibrates 440 times in one second. That would be 440 hertz (Hz) and the musical note A. If you double that say 880 hertz (Hz), you would also have an A but an octave higher. The average human hearing range is about 40Hz - 20,000 Hz., the guitar falls in about 250 Hz to 4K.

Play Mp3 / Load Online Flash Tuner

How to Tune a Guitar

Guitar Tuning - Part #2 - Listen and Tune - Online Guitar Tuner

- By Brett Alan

Below are audio files for each guitar string. Just click on the string to hear what each string should sound like when properly tuned. Next, tune your guitar to the midi sounds below. This is what is known as standard concert pitch or A - 440 hertz.

First detune the string you are going to start with, detune means to flatten or lower in pitch. If you don't know which way to turn the tuning peg, experiment. Just check the tension of the string, more slack means you are detuning or flattening the string. Once the string is detuned, with a lot slack and sounds very low begin tightening the tunng peg or tuning up to the desired pitch. Simpily match the pitch of the string to the corresponding sound on the charts. When finished tuning all of the strings, play an open G chord slowly checking for an out-of-tune string(s).